Kings of the Bible

I am embarking on a series of Bible studies at my church on the kings of the Bible. Here are the notes that relate to the first session:

Week 1: Overview and significance

Kings and by that I mean rulers of nations and empires (and cities) play an important part in the Bible. Prosperity and the welfare of a nation often depends on who is in power (Proverbs 29:2,4), can be seen with Israel under kings (some good, many bad).

Kings of our time we look more on with consternation. Tempted to make comparisons (e.g. Trump with David, Rehoboam, Cyrus) but from henceforth I will resist the temptation; let’s apply 2Timothy 3:16, 17 – we need to apply scriptures and take heed.

Kings we are called to respect, submit to and obey rulers, them who God ordains (good and bad). Ref. examples of Jesus, Peter, Paul – 1Peter 2:13,14, Romans 13:1,2; need to pray for kings 1Timothy 2:1-2

I propose to cover kings of the Bible, Genesis to Revelation in 8 sessions (focus on OT), missing much

  1. Overview and significance
  2. Saul
  3. David
  4. Solomon
  5. Rehoboam and Jeroboam
  6. Kings of Israel and Judah
  7. Hezekiah
  8. Kings of Persia

Rapid survey through the scriptures:

  1. Nimrod (s/o Noah, Ham, Cush) (and the Tower of Babel) – the first king Genesis 10:8-10a
  2. 5 kings versus 4 kings – Abraham Genesis 14:8,9
  3. Melchizedek – Abraham (special NT significance e.g. priesthood) Genesis 14:18-20, Pslam 110:4
  4. Kings – from Abraham to Moses e.g. Pharoah and those met journeying in the wilderness
  5. Moses to Samuel – no king over Israel for good reason (God was their king); people wanted to be like other nations
  6. Saul – God’s choice – he looked the part … but he disobeyed – from a theocracy to a monarchy
  7. David – who was a man after God’s own heart despite being a sinner, albeit a penitent one
  8. Solomon – the wisest man who ever lived and yet lost the plot in later life
  9. Divided kingdom (Rehoboam (the divider) and Jeroboam (the usurper))
  10. Kings of Israel and Judah, both good and bad but mostly bad – no more kings after the Exile
  11. Hezekiah an example king, who happened to be good (other examples Jehosophat, Josiah)
  12. Exile and return; the kings of Babylon and Persia (Nehemiah, Esther), often enlightened
  13. The Inter-Testament period (Apocrypha); the kings of Greece and Rome
  14. Caesar – often oppressive but to be obeyed – an appraisal and a response
  15. Jesus – the King of kings Revelation 19:16 – we long for His coming again

“When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked beareth rule, the people mourn… The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it.” Proverbs 29:2,4

“All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.” 2Timothy 3:16,17

“Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord’s sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme;  Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well.” 1Peter 2:13,14

“Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.” Romans 13:1,2

“I exhort therefore, that, first of all, supplications, prayers, intercessions, and giving of thanks, be made for all men; For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty.” 1Timothy 2:1,2

“And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel …” Genesis 10:8-10a

“And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim; With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.” Genesis 14 8,9

“And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:” Genesis 14: 18,19

“The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind: “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” Psalm 110:4

“In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.” Judges 21:25

“Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles.” 1Samuel 8:19,20

“And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, King Of Kings, And Lord Of Lords.” Revelation 19:16


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